Sightseeing Of Jammu
Jammu – the Duggar land where the past still has a living presence. A land of grand ancient temples, and beautiful palaces. Nestled against the backdrop of the snow-capped Pir Panjal Mountains, the region of Jammu constitutes the southernmost unit of the state of Jammu & Kashmir. It forms part of the transition between the Himalayan range in the north and the dusty plains of Punjab in the south. Between these two extremities lie a series of scrub-covered hills, forested mountain ranges and river valleys, encompassing several microclimatic regions that extend from Kishtawar in the north-east to Akhnoor in the south-west, and the historic town of Poonch in the north-west to the borders of Kangra (H P) in the south-east. The Shivalik hills cut across the area from the east to the west while the rivers Ravi, Tawi and Chenab cut their way through the region. The last stop on the railway line north is Udhampur, where you can catch onward buses and hire SUVs/MUVs (Tata Sumo / Toyota Innova/ Mahindra Scorpio). However it is better to get down in Jammu and catch a taxi from there as these are more readily available. Numerous domestic airlines fly to Srinagar and Jammu, and frequent buses and share jeeps provide connections to Ladakh and the plains. Jammu is served by frequent train services. Buses are operated by J&K SRTC to most points around the state. They offer package tour to Gulmarg, Sonmarg, Yusmarg, Ular lake, City tour, etc. There is Tourist information center, where one get the tickets plus info. 4wd jeeps are quicker, a little more expensive and reach more locations. Private hire jeeps are also available. Places to See Nearby Jammu Tawi Amar Mahal Palace This museum is housed in the Amar Mahal Palace, built in 1862 in a unique, French-chateau style of architecture. Located atop a hill overlooking the Tawi river, 4 rooms of the palace have been converted into art galleries and historic museums, depicting the royal history of Jammu.
The star of this museum is the golden throne of Jammu, weighing a whopping 120 kgs, all pure gold. The art collection here is also quite impressive, with paintings of M F Hussain and Laxman Pai on display, among other famous Indian contemporary painters. Another interesting aspect is the Pahari Paintings displayed here, depicting tales from the Mahabharata and other folklore, especially those of Nal Damyanti. The museum also organises heritage walks around the complex to give detailed insights into the history of Jammu and surrounding cities.
Ranbir Canal is a serene picnic spot situated about 2 kms from Jammu, in Jammu and Kashmir. Completed in 1905, the main canal is 60 km in length and its distribution system about 400 km. It takes off from left of Chenab River up-stream Akhnoor Bridge, 25 km north-east of Jammu city and passes through four taluks of Jammu District (Jammu, R S Pura, Bishnah and Samba.) The canal was remodeled during 1968-75. There is a power house situated on the right bank of the canal. The colorful gardens on the bank of the canal, makes it more attractive. They provide excellent walkways and viewpoints of the surrounding areas. Even in summers, the water in the canal remains ice cold.
Bahu Fort & Garden
Situated 5 kms away from the city centre, Bahu Fort stands on a rock face on the left bank of the river Tawi. Perhaps the oldest fort and edifice in the city, it was constructed originally by Raja Bahulochan over 3,000 years ago. The existing fort was more recently improved upon and extended by the Dogra rulers. Inside, there is a temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. An extensive terraced garden, known as Bagh-e-Bahu, has been developed around the fort.
Bahu Temple is situated inside the Bahu Fort, popularly called Bave Wali Mata Mandir. The Bahu Fort is a fortress representing the lavishness of the Dogra kings and the royal family that resided to rule the region. Pilgrims flock the temple on Tuesdays and Sundays, regarded auspicious.
The fort, along with the Bahu temple, commands a panoramic view of the Jammu city. On the bypass road, behind the Bahu fort, the city forest surrounds the ancient Maha Maya Temple overlooking the River Tawi. A small garden surrounded by acres of woods furnishes a populated destination for tourists. Mahamaya is the local goddess of the Dogras, who lost her life 14 centuries ago combating foreign invaders. The present Bave Wali Mata mandir was built shortly after the coronation of Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1822. It is also known as the Mahakali Temple, the goddess considered second only to Mata Vaishno Devi in terms of mystical power. The Bahu Temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali, the reigning deity of the region of Jammu & Kashmir.
The subcontinent’s largest underground aquarium in Jammu’s Bagh-I-Bahu area is drawing a large number of tourists ever since it was opened to the public.
Besides students, the aquarium has become a centre of attraction for tourists, giving them an opportunity to revel in the exotic aquatic world. The aquarium has attracted large number of tourists visiting the State. The aquarium-cum-awareness centre comprises of 24 aquarium caves including 13 small caves for holding freshwater fishes, two large caves for holding marine water fishes and nine medium sized aquariums for holding marine and fresh water fishes. It has state-of-the-art equipment, a public gallery, museum, laboratory and a multimedia conference hall. The entrance is designed in the shape of the mouth of a fish and the exit in the shape of a fish tail. The aquarium houses a museum where 400 varieties of freshwater and marine fish are on display.
The Mansar lake near Jammu city is one of the most famous adventure tourism destinations in India. Mansrover, is also called as Mansar. The Mansar lake is about 20 km from National Highway No. 1A. Road to Mansar Lake starts from just near Samba on National Highway No. 1A. The shortcut road from Mansrover or Samba to Udhampur by-pass the Jammu town. Mansar lake, with its length more than a mile and width half-a-mile, is a very attractive lake in the midst of lusting greeneries surrounded by forest-covered hills. It is considered as a very holy site known from mythological periods sharing the sanctity and legacy of Mansa Sarovar. It is a very popular base of tourists. A temple for a snake god, Sheshnag, is located on the banks of lake. It is believed that it is auspicious for newly wed couples to seek blessings of Sheshnag by performing three parikarma around the lake.
“Purmandal” is a holy place located in Jammu District, Jammu and Kashmir. It is about 30 km to the east of Jammu. It is also referred as ‘Chhota Kashi’. Purmandal is situated on the banks of the Devika River, was an ancient center of trade and learning.
The prime attraction is the Purmandal Temple which is dedicated to ‘Umapati’ (Goddess Parvati). There are a number of temples built on rocks dedicated to Lord Shiva which presents an imposing sight. The significance of these temples and dharamshalas lies in the frescoes on their walls. Regular bus service connects the town with Jammu. The nearest railhead is Jammu Tawi Railway Station and the airport is Jammu Airport.
Raghunath Temple, with seven shrines each with its own `Shikhara`, (shikhara, a Sanskrit word translating literally to `mountain peak`, refers to the rising tower in the Hindu temple architecture in north India) is one of the largest temple complexes of north India, located in Jammu city. Maharaja Gulab Singh and his son Maharaj Ranbir Singh built the temple, during the period of 1853-1860. The temple has many gods enshrined, but the presiding deity is Lord Ram, an `avatar` (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. The temple came under public glare and intense scan, when in November 24, 2002, while the Hindus were performing puja in the complex, the `fidayeen` (suicide tactic used by militants) terrorist attack took place, resulting in at least 10 deaths, injuring several devotees. The gigantic Raghunath temple has seven lofty `shikharas`, where every shrine has its own shikhar. On the very entrance to the temple, a portrait of Maharana Ranbir Singh and an image of Lord Hanuman exaggerate the site. The centrals shrine is dedicated to Lord Ram / Raghunath, who is the commanding deity. Apart from the main shrine, the other shrines encompass various incarnations of Lord Vishnu. There is another remarkable shrine of Lord Surya (Sun God), which houses different forms of the Lord. Inside the temple there are other shrines that house colossal statues of the Hindu gods and goddesses. It is notable to mention here that gold sheets envelop the interior walls on three sides of the temple. It also has a gallery, where various `lingams` (phallic form of Lord Shiva) and `saligrams` are placed. Raghunath temple comprises almost all the images of the Hindu Pantheon, an unusual embodiment in temple architecture. Sermons and rituals of the temple include both morning and evening aarti.
Glimpses of Mughal masonry can be visualised in the architectural splendor of Raghunath Temple. The carvings and arches being extraordinarily resplendent, grabs everyone`s attention. There is a library in the temple complex, housing rare Sanskrit books and manuscripts. People visit this temple in large numbers to pay their homage to the deity and seek blessings from the Lord.
Peer Baba is the famous Dargah (tomb) of the Muslim saint, Peer Budhan Ali Shah. On Thursdays apart from Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs also come in large numbers to pay respect to the Saint.
The Dargah (shrine) of Peer Budhan Ali Shah or Peer Baba is said to protect the people of this city from mishaps and evil spirits. A friend of Guru Gobind Singh, it is said that Peer Baba lived his entire life on milk alone and lived to the age of five hundred and still people from all faiths and religions verate him in equal respect. Peer Mitha was a saint who has a shrine of his own and was a contemporary of Ajaib Dev and Ghareeb Nath, who were famous for their prophecies and miracles. ‘Mitha’ means ‘the sweet one’ and the saint was so-called, as the Peer would accept nothing more than a pinch of sugar in offering from his devotees.
Krimchi is a tiny village in the Udhampur district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. This district is famous for its mineral deposits.
Krimchi is the site of one of the oldest temple complexes of Jammu. Believed to have been constructed in the 11th – 12th century AD, this group of temples, also locally known as the Pandava Temples. Consists of 4 large and 3 small temples dedicated to Lord Shiv. The architecture of the temples shows distinct Greek (Hellenic) influences. As per the legends, Raja Kichak of Mahabharat was said to be the creator of town Krimchi and the Kingdom. It is also said that Pandavas while in exile remained there for a long period. Tourist attractions at Krimchi include the ruins of Three Ancient Temples. These three temples are perhaps the oldest temples in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. These temples are situated on a stone complex and a small stream flows nearby. The architecture on these ruins suggests a very strong Greek influence. The architecture on the walls of these temples is abstract. There are sculptures of deities like Ganesh, Shiva and Parvati. The main temple is around 50 feet high. On their way to these temples, pilgrims usually stop over at the sarai Krimchi. Travel to Krimchi automatically means a tour to Sudhmahadev-Mantalai Shrine. At a little distance from Krimchi lies Pancheri, which is a picturesque Hill Resort. Tours to Krimchi give tourists an opportunity to appreciate the ancient culture and heritage of Kashmir, India.
Salal Dam & lake
95 Kms from Jammu to the west of the Holy Shrine of Vashnodeviji is the Salal Dam and Lake. With an installed capacity of 400 mw of electricity, this is the largest Hydroelectric Project commissioned in the state so far. The lake formed behind the dam is 33 Kms long. The Dam site can be visited with the permission of the project authorities. The Salal hydel power project on the Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir is the country’s first dam built on a rock pedestal and was commissioned by the Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi. The project started in 1970, but it took eight years to negotiate the Salal Dam agreement with Pakistan. Power from the project is transmitted to the Northern Grid where it is distributed to the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and the union territory Chandigarh.
65 Kms from Jammu, on way to Salal Dam, Baba Dhansar is a beautiful and cool picnic spot. Here, a huge spring gushes out of the mountain side in a thick grove of trees and forms a number of small cascading water-falls before ultimately flowing into the Holy rivulet that merges with the Chenab River. Next to the spring in a small grove in the rock face is a naturally formed Shivling on which droplets of water fall at a constant pace all the year round. A big fair is held here during Shivratri. For the facility of the yatris visiting the place, the Shrine Board has carried out some developments including the construction of a Dharamshalla.
Akhnoor is a town of Jammu district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India. Located 28 km from Jammu, Akhnoor is located in the foothills of the Himalayas. It is an extremely beautiful town. The picturesque town is located on the banks of the Chenab River. The Akhnoor Tehsil is divided into two Revenue Blocks – Akhnoor & Khour. Akhnoor is also divided into three Education Zones of Akhnoor, Khour & Chowki Choura.
Akhnoor has historical places to visit, such as the caves where the Pandavas stayed during their exile. Close to the town there is a Parashurama temple where Parashurama Jayanti is celebrated annually, on the same day in May as Akshaya Tritiya. The border is around 18 km away by road, but the aerial distance is only some 8 km. There is a beautiful park built on the bank of Chenab stretching from Jiya Pota Ghat to Parashurama Temple. It looks like a glittering necklace during the late evening and during night hours under beautiful lights on the bank.
Akhnoor is a town of Jammu district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India. Located 28 km from Jammu, Akhnoor is located in the foothills of the Himalayas. It is an extremely beautiful town. The picturesque town is located on the banks of the Chenab River. The Akhnoor Tehsil is divided into two Revenue Blocks – Akhnoor & Khour. Akhnoor is also divided into three Education Zones of Akhnoor, Khour & Chowki Choura. Akhnoor has historical places to visit, such as the caves where the Pandavas stayed during their exile. Close to the town there is a Parashurama temple where Parashurama Jayanti is celebrated annually, on the same day in May as Akshaya Tritiya. The border is around 18 km away by road, but the aerial distance is only some 8 km. There is a beautiful park built on the bank of Chenab stretching from Jiya Pota Ghat to Parashurama Temple. It looks like a glittering necklace during the late evening and during night hours under beautiful lights on the bank.
Jhajjar Kotli is a famous picnic spot and tourist complex in the state of jammu and Kashmir built on the banks of the rivulet named Jujjar and approx 27 km from jammu on the national highway that leads toward the city of Srinagar. The main attraction of this beautiful tourist place is the clear and refreshing cool water of Jujjar. and its surrounding natural beauty. This place is wholly owned by the Jammu and Kashmir Tourism Development Corporation. To facilitate the tourists there is a wonderful tourist bungalow in Jhajjar Kotli maintained by the department of tourism. The Jhajjar Kotli tourist complex receives a large number of tourist and visitors during the summer months.
• Hill station
• Scenic natural beauty
• wonderful tourist bungalow
The closest tourism destination to Jhajjar Kotli is Katra (7.5km) Vaishno Devi, Udhampur and Jammu 27 km.
Dera baba Banda
era Baba Banda is not only a major pilgrimage centre for Sikhs but attracts people from other faiths also. It has a Gurudwara built by Baba Banda Bairaagi on the banks of river Chenab. He was Guru Gobind Singh`s favourite `Saint-soldier`. Pilgrims in great number especially from North India throng this place in the month of April to participate in the three-day annual mela. This place is around 300-year-old. The historic gurdwara at Dera Baba Banda Bahadur has the samadhi of Banda Bahadur. Here the ashes of Banda Bahadur are also kept, along with an arrow given by Guru Gobind Singh to Banda. Other attractions include number of weapons and a huge sword used by Banda during wars. Every year an average of 30,000 devotees, from all over northern India, visit throughout the year and especially on the occassion of Vaishakhi, when a three day mela is held.
. Around 300-year-old shrine.
. ashes of Banda Bahadur kept here
. an arrow given by Guru Gobind Singh
. number of weapons and a huge sword used by Banda during wars
. Vaishakhi mela (fair).
. Natural beauty hills and landscape.
Peer Khoh is a cave shrine with a naturally formed Shiva lingam. There are many more temples, which have a strong mythological significance. The antiquity of this lingam is not known A cave shrine located on the circular road , 3.5 kms from the heart of the town. There is a Shiva Lingam formed naturally in the cave; neither its antiquity nor its cause is known. And legend has it that the cave leads underground to many other cave shrines and even out of the country.
The biggest Shiva temple in north India, Ranbireshwar Temple is one of the prime attractions in the picturesque Jammu city. It is a very ancient shrine, located in Shalimar Road near the New Secretariat. Maharaja Ranbir Singh built it in 1883, dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple has a central `lingam` measuring 8-feet in height, constructed out of black stone, is the biggest in India. It was under the built of the Dogra rulers; also enshrining 12 shivlings in crystal, measuring 15cm to 38cm. Galleries with 1.25 lakh `bona lingam` brought from Narmada River, can be witnessed on stone slabs inside the temple. There are also mammoth images of Ganesha, Kartikeya and Nandi Bull.
Maha Maya Temple
Mahamaya Temple is an important site dedicated to a local female freedom fighter, Mahamaya, belonging to the Dogra community. According to historians, about 14 centuries ago, Mahamaya sacrificed her life to save the region from the clutches of foreign invaders. This site is situated on the banks of the Tawi River, where from, tourists can easily sight the Bahu Fort.
According to popular legend, about fourteen centuries ago, she opposed the foreign attackers and valiantly confronted them. People honor her sacrifice and eulogize her to this day. Her courageous resistance is now a part of the glorious myth of Jammu. And hence not surprisingly an entire temple is dedicated in her honor. Mahamaya Temple in Jammu is one such temple which is flocked by devotees who come to offer their prayers. However the Mahamaya Temple is not merely a place of worship, it is one of the foremost tourist attractions of Jammu. The Mahamaya Temple is focused on the 2nd-3rd century idols of the goddess Mahamaya. Setting eyes on these fabulous, one of a kind constructions, you are sure to feel the presence of Jammu’s great history.
Visit today, and feel overcome with the feeling of community, religion and appreciation for these fabulous roots.
It is situated near Samba and is popularly known as Pehla Darshan of Vaishno Devi pilgrims. One of the prominent religious sites of Jammu and Kashmir, Chichi Mata is generally believed to be the gateway to the temple of Vaishno Devi. Commonly said to be the Pehla Darshan of the pilgrims of Vaishno Devi, Chichi Mata commands an important position in the religious ancestry of the state.
A prominent itinerary of the Jammu and Kashmir pilgrim tourism, Chichi Mata draws numerous devotees from far and wide. The visit to the holy shrine of Vaishno Devi is incomplete without the visit to the famous religious monument ofChichi Mata. Thronged by ardent pilgrims of the Hindu religion, Chichi Mata temple authorities observes strict religious rituals as per the traditional customs.
One must visit the holy shrine of Chichi Mata on his or her way to Vaishno Devi temple. Devoted to Goddess Vaishno Devi, the well known religious site of Vaishno Devi temple attracts several tourists who make it a point to pay a visit to the divine shrine of Chichi Mata.
Far from the maddening crowd of the cities, the serene and calm surrounding of the sacred sanctorum of Chichi Mata fills the devotees with an intense sense of dedication and submission to the Eternal Being. The ardent followers of Chichi Mata can experience the divine presence of the Supreme Power in the holy sanctorum of the temple.
Amidst the picturesque landscape of Jammu and Kashmir, the sacred shrine of Chichi Mata reflects the rich religious fervor of the local inhabitants of Jammu and Kashmir. The native population of the state have great faith on the overriding power of the Supreme Being of Chichi Mata.
Mubarak Mandi Palace
Built over a span of 150 years, this royal building served as a massive palace for rulers of the Dogra dynasty. It was infact the main seat of the kingdom until 1925, after which Raja Hari Singh moved the royal seat to Hari Niwas Palace in Northern Jammu. Prone to earthquakes and fires, parts of this building, like the Gol Ghar, lie now in ruins, adding to the palace’s old world charm.
The Pink Hall inside the palace has now been converted to a museum that holds several miniature paintings and emperor Shah Jahan’s golden bow and arrow, among other interesting things. The architecture of the palace is borrowed from European Baroque, Mughal and Rajasthani styles, bringing forth a unique blend of different cultures, that adds a distinct character to both the palace and Jammu.
Patnitop is the most popular tourist spot of Jammu region.
A place for a quiet holiday, the meadow has now been developed as a golf course.
This small town serves as the base camp for visting the famous shrine of Vaishnodevi in the Trikuta hills.
Mata Balaji Sundri
This resort straddles the forested slopes of the Patnitop mountain range, overlooking the spectacular lie of the Chenab gorge.